This book describes Napoleon as an everyman, a friend of the people, and suggests a difference between the "imperial period" and the return of a trustworthy Napoleon who had learned from exile. Because of this transformation, Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo precluded great advances in the timeline of history: "The reactionary Holy Alliance of Russia, Prussia, and Austria would not have been able to crush liberal constitutionalist movements in Spain, Greece, Eastern Europe, and elsewhere; pressure to join France in abolishing slavery in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean would have grown; the benefits of meritocracy over feudalism would have had time to become more widely appreciated; Jews would not have been forced back into their ghettos in the Papal States and made to wear the yellow star again; encouragement of the arts and sciences would have been better understood and copied; and the plans to rebuild Paris would have been implemented, making it the most gorgeous city in the world." 1. Language: English. Narrator: Gregg Rizzo. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/mike/001385/bk_mike_001385_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Addressing issues of continuing if not heightened relevance to contemporary debate, America at the Brink of Empire explores the foreign policy leadership of Dean Rusk and Henry Kissinger regarding the extent of the United States' mission to insure a stable world order. Lawrence W. Serewicz argues that in the Vietnam conflict the United States experienced an identity crisis - a near Machiavellian moment - whereby America came close to assuming an imperial role, stretching the country to the limits of its identity as a republic. Serewicz offers a revealing look at the parts played by Rusk and Kissinger - and President Lyndon Johnson - in bringing the nation to the brink of empire in the years 1963-75. As a true believer in liberal internationalism, Rusk set the stage by defining the war in Vietnam as a threat to the world order based on the United Nations security system created after World War II. Johnson kept an open-ended commitment in Vietnam without a clear goal in sight even as he pursued the ambitious domestic reforms of the Great Society. In refusing to choose between either an imperial mission or a true republican position for the nation, he brought it perilously close to becoming an empire, ultimately failing to achieve his goals either at home or abroad. Kissinger corrected for Johnson's overreach, implementing a pragmatic realism based upon the principle that the United States is an ordinary country - a republic, not an empire - within the international community and therefore must balance its commitments with its resources. In concluding, Serewicz reflects on the continuing relevance of the Machiavellian moment for the United States by observing the differences and similarities between the presidencies of Johnson and George W. Bush. The book is published by Louisiana State University Press. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Randal Schaffer. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/096352/bk_acx0_096352_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
An intellectual who did not like intellectuals, a socialist who did not trust the state, a writer of the left who found it easier to forgive writers of the right, a liberal who was against free markets, a Protestant who believed in religion but not in God, a fierce opponent of nationalism who defined Englishness for a generation. Aside from being one of the greatest political essayists in the English language and author of two of the most famous books in 20th century literature, George Orwell was a man of many fascinating contradictions, someone who liked to go against the grain because he believed that was where the truth usually lay. George Orwell: English Rebel takes us on a journey through the many twists and turns of Orwell's life and thought, from the precocious public school satirist at Eton and the imperial policeman in Burma, through his early years as a rather dour documentary writer, down and out on the streets of Paris and London and on the road to Wigan pier, to his formative experiences as a volunteer soldier in the Spanish Civil War. Above all, the audiobook skilfully traces Orwell's gradual reconciliation with his country, a journey which began down a coal mine in 1936 to find its exhilarating peaks during the dark days of the Second World War. 1. Language: English. Narrator: John Lee. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/017957/bk_adbl_017957_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Winston Churchill is an icon of modern history, but even though he was at the forefront of the political scene for almost 60 years, he might be remembered only as a minor player in the drama of British government had it not been for World War II. In this magisterial book, Roy Jenkins' unparalleled command of the political history of Britain and his own high-level government experience combine in a narrative account of Churchill's astounding career that is unmatched in its shrewd insights, its unforgettable anecdotes, the clarity of its overarching themes, and the author's nuanced appreciation of his extraordinary subject. From a very young age, Churchill believed he was destined to play a great role in the life of his nation, and he determined to prepare himself. Jenkins shows in fascinating detail how Churchill educated himself for greatness, how he worked out his livelihood (writing) as well as his professional life (politics), how he situated himself at every major site or moment in British imperial and governmental life. His parliamentary career was like no other - with its changes of allegiance (from the Conservative to the Liberal and back to the Conservative Party), its troughs and humiliations, its triumphs and peaks - and for decades, especially the crisis years of the late 1930s and the terrifying 1940s, when at last it was clear how vital Churchill was to the very survival of Britain. He evaluates Churchill's other accomplishments, his writings, with equal authority. Exceptional in its breadth of knowledge and distinguished by its stylish wit and penetrating intelligence, this is one of the finest political biographies of our time. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Simon Vance. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/blak/000554/bk_blak_000554_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
This absorbing history by a brilliant scholar and writer deepens our understanding of how censorship works. With his uncanny ability to spark life in the past, Robert Darnton re-creates three historical worlds in which censorship shaped literary expression in distinctive ways. In 18th-century France, censors, authors, and booksellers collaborated in making literature by navigating the intricate culture of royal privilege. Even as the king's censors outlawed works by Voltaire, Rousseau, and other celebrated Enlightenment writers, the head censor himself incubated Diderot's great Encyclopedie by hiding the banned project's papers in his Paris townhouse. Relationships at court trumped principle in the Old Regime. Shaken by the Sepoy uprising in 1857, the British Raj undertook a vast surveillance of every aspect of Indian life, including its literary output. Years later the outrage stirred by the British partition of Bengal led the Raj to put this knowledge to use. Seeking to suppress Indian publications that it deemed seditious, the British held hearings in which literary criticism led to prison sentences. Their efforts to meld imperial power and liberal principle fed a growing Indian opposition. In Communist East Germany, censorship was a component of the party program to engineer society. Behind the unmarked office doors of Ninety Clara-Zetkin Street in East Berlin, censors developed annual plans for literature in negotiation with high party officials and prominent writers. A system so pervasive that it lodged inside the authors' heads as self-censorship, it left visible scars in the nation's literature. By rooting censorship in the particulars of history, Darnton's revealing study enables us to think more clearly about efforts to control expression past and present. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Stephen McLaughlin. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/020689/bk_adbl_020689_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
This work examines the effect that mid 19th century steamship development had on long distance trade and communications between Britain and Australia. It takes a holistic approach, drawing together a number of diverse but related themes and using much previously unseen material to challenge many former assumptions. The role of steamships is revealed as engines of imperial ambition with the British Government operating a perfidious double-edged policy, publicly espousing free trade' but in practice stifling it with subsidies to favoured steamship companies. This practice was designed to obtain a navy on the cheap' but created such disruption to communication with the emerging colonies that the tension erupted in the political press of the day. In addition this study reveals the triumphs and disasters of running a steamship company, namely the Liverpool &, Australian Navigation Co who operated Brunel's SS Great Britain, without government subsidies. Steamship companies were crucial to the creation of an import/export market on which the developing colony of Australia was to depend for its growth into a successful modern economy and liberal, democratic society.
In his attempt to uncover the complicity between Orientalist knowledge and Western imperial expansion, Said has empowered numerous Arab scholars despite their disagreement with some of Orientalism's theses. Orientalism has provided a context for scholars from different convictions to position themselves within the Arab cultural arena. That is why this study takes Orientalism to be representative of Said's reception in the Arab world. The book's themes seem to have retained a topicality that made it survive more than a quarter of a century of criticism without its ideas being made obsolete. Orientalism has been taken up by Marxists, Islamists and liberal critics in the Arab world which created an interesting debate that engaged the the critical discourse in the Arab world.